About Physician Assistants

Physician assistants are important members of the health care team in many hospitals and clinical practices. The role of the physician assistant (PA) is to practice medicine under the direction and supervision of a licensed physician. Becoming a physician assistant is a commitment; it is not just a stepping stone to becoming a physician. In your studies to become a PA you will learn alongside professionals that are devoted to the field.

How did the physician assistant profession begin?

The first PAs began training in 1967 at Duke University in North Carolina. The program began to assist Vietnam veterans that had served as medics. It allowed them to transition into civilian life by gaining credentials to use their training as medics.

Overtime, the number of PAs has grown. Today, a master’s degree is required as entry-level education. There are now sophisticated, standardized education and certification processes in place. Programs must gain accreditation by the Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant.

What do physician assistants do?

Working interdependently with physicians, PAs provide diagnostic and therapeutic patient care in virtually all medical specialties and settings. They take patient histories, perform physical examinations, order laboratory and diagnostic studies, prescribe medications, and develop patient treatment plans. Their job descriptions are as diverse as those of their supervising physicians, and include clinical practice, patient education, team leadership, medical education, health administration, and research.

Is there a need for physician assistants?

With implementation of the Affordable Care Act, further mandated reductions in resident training hours, and a widening shortage of primary care clinicians, new opportunities are arising for PAs in primary care and nearly every other field. The 34% growth since 2006 reflects the fact PAs are becoming an attractive and economical alternative to physicians. In fact, the US Department of Labor projects an additional 39% growth in the need for PAs in the next 10 years.

Where do physician assistants practice?

PAs have opportunities in a wide variety of specialties. These range from Primary Care to Surgery. See the list below of some additional specialties:

Traditional Practices Hospital-Based
  • Internal Medicine
  • Primary Care
  • Family Medicine
  • Residency Support
  • Hospitalist
  • Rapid Response Teams
Subspecialties Non-Traditional Practices
  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics
  • Women's Health
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Plastic Surgery
  • Transplant
  • Neurosurgery
  • Critical Care Medicine
How do I become a physician assistant?

As the need for PAs continues to increase, more programs are opening up across the country. However, with the strong emphasis on clinically-based training and the need to prepare students to begin patient care immediately following graduation, medical schools are uniquely qualified to train physician assistants. The program at Tufts University is based in the long-established Tufts University School of Medicine (TUSM). This opens up doors for collaboration with medical students and faculty, creating a unique experience.

While our PA students come from many backgrounds, they share a commitment to medicine and the PA profession. Their strong academic background has helped them prepare for the fast-paced curriculum of PA school. They have taken the prerequisite courses and learned about the medical field during their direct patient care experiences. Many have even worked for several years after obtaining their undergraduate degrees. 

Becoming a physician assistant takes dedication. A physician assistant student is...

  • motivated
  • a self-starter
  • able to prioritize 
  • focused
  • compassionate and committed
  • able to cope with stress 
  • persistent
  • flexible
  • able to collaborate
  • a critical thinker
  • mature

 Learn more about PAs at the American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA).


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"Deciding on Tufts to pursue my physician assistant education was a great choice. Right in the heart of Boston, innovative research and health care institutions are right in our backyard! The resources at Tufts are amazing - I love spending time in the simulation center or attending rounds at Tufts Medical Center!” – Allison Ruhe, PA-student 2015

Are You Qualified?

A pen filling out a survey.

Before applying, an applicant must meet non-academic, or "technical" standards, the essential functions that an applicant must be able to perform in order to be admitted to the PA Program, to progress satisfactorily, and to graduate. They must also meet academic prerequisites such as course work, patient care and tests.